How did Lucio Fontana lay the foundations for Spatialism? [4], Among Fontana's last works are a series of Teatrini (‘little theatres’), in which he returned to an essentially flat idiom by using backcloths enclosed within wings resembling a frame; the reference to theatre emphasizes the act of looking, while in the foreground a series of irregular spheres or oscillating, wavy silhouettes creates a lively shadow play. -lucio fontana A single, clean slash sweeps defiantly through the flaming red surface of Lucio Fontana’s Concetto spaziale, Attesa. Son of the Italian sculptor Luigi Fontana (1865 – 1946) and of an Argentine mother, he began his artistic activity in 1921 working in the sculpture workshop of his father and colleague and friend of his father Giovanni Scarabelli. In 1935 he joined the association Abstraction-Création in Paris and from 1936 to 1949 made expressionist sculptures in ceramic and bronze. Recognised as the founder of Spatialism, Lucio Fontana was a prolific artist who was driven by a desire to highlight and explore the relationship between surface and dimensionality.Fontana’s techniques included slicing through canvas and punching holes in the surface of his work – Spatial Concept is a series of works that exemplify this particular technique and Fontana would … [25] Fontana's jewelry is included in the permanent collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. As a consequence of his first visit to New York in 1961, he created a series of metal works, done between 1961 and 1965. Lucio Fontana (1899–1968) was an Italian sculptor, painter, and ceramicist, regarded as the father of Spatialism, a midcentury modern movement that linked artistic experimentation with scientific principles and theories. He is mostly known as the founder of … [7], In the last years of his career, Fontana became increasingly interested in the staging of his work in the many exhibitions that honored him worldwide, as well as in the idea of purity achieved in his last white canvases. Fontana had his first solo exhibitions at Galleria del Milione, Milan, in 1931. Debuting in Milan, Fontana settled in Paris in the mid-1930s, where he joined the Abstract Lucio Fontana (Italian: [ˈluːtʃo fonˈtaːna]; 19 February 1899 – 7 September 1968) was an Argentine-Italian painter, sculptor and theorist. Concept Spatiale Lucio Fontana • 1960. These concerns were prominent at the 1966 Venice Biennale, for which he designed the environment for his work. In it he spoke of a new "spatial" art in keeping with the spirit of the post-war age. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. With his Pietre (stones) series, begun in 1952, Fontana fused the sculptural with painting by encrusting the surfaces of his canvases with heavy impasto and colored glass. An Italian sculptor, painter, and theorist who was born in Argentina is best known as the founder of Spatialism and his ties to Arte Povera, a modern art movement introduced in Italy in 1967. [15], Fontana engaged in many collaborative projects with the most important architects of the day, in particular with Luciano Baldessari, who shared and supported his research for Spatial Light – Structure in Neon (1951) at the 9th Triennale and, among other things, commissioned him to design the ceiling of the cinema in the Sidercomit Pavilion at the 21st Milan Fair in 1953. In 1939, he joined the Corrente, a Milan group of expressionist artists. By ripping through his canvases, Lucio Fontana changed what a painting could be, and the course of art history. He exhibited his first installation in 1948, the same year he began his infamous ‘slashed canvases’. “Spatial Explorations: Lucio Fontana and the Avant-Garde in Milan in the 50s and 60s," co-hosted by Italy’s largest bank Intesa Sanpaolo, runs parallel to … One of the art movements peculiar for always having influenced artists more so than art historians happens to be Spatialism. Executed in 1954 ... A gleaming icon of early Spatialism, this work was executed in 1954, a period of intense experimentation in Fontana… Lucio Fontana Biography. He manipulated the paint with his fingers and various instruments to make furrows, sometimes including scattered fragments of Murano glass. [1] He is mostly known as the founder of Spatialism. [7] Since 1930 Fontana's work had been exhibited regularly at the Venice Biennale, and he represented Argentina various times; he was awarded the Grand Prize for Painting at the Venice Biennale of 1966. Fontana created a prolific amount of graphic work with abstract motifs as well as figures, little-known in the art world, at the same time as he was producing his abstract perforated works. May 3 to June 30, 2012 555 West 24 Street New York City, 212-741-1111. Shortly before his death he was present at the "Destruction Art, Destroy to Create" demonstration at the Finch College Museum of New York. [4] Fontana was subsequently invited by Michel Tapié to exhibit the works at the Martha Jackson Gallery in New York. Born to Italian parents in Rosario de Santa Fé, Argentina, in 1899, Lucio Fontana began his artistic career as a sculptor, working under his father Luigi before setting out on his own. [27], A rare, large crimson work with a single slash, which Fontana dedicated to his wife and which has always been known as the Teresita, fetched £6.7 million ($11.6 million) at Christie's London in 2008, then an auction record for the artist. In each work, Fontana invents new methods to apply concepts of spatialism, freeing himself from the confines of the object in order to continue his search for modern modes of expression and perception. Five more manifestos followed; they were more specific in their negative than their positive aspects, and carried the concept of Spatialism little further than the statement that its essence consisted in "plastic emotions and emotions of colour projected upon space". Fontana 1954’ (lower right) steel 23 3/8 x 39 3/8in. Lucia Fontana came into this world on February 19, 1899, born in Rosario Santa Fé, Argentina. Spatialism in Action: Lucio Fontana at Gagosian Gallery. [29] Even more popular are Fontana's oval canvases. During the following decade he journeyed in Italy and France, working with abstract and expressionist painters. One of them that can be attributed as the herald of change is the Italian artist Lucio Fontana whose work foreshadowed Environment art and performance art that are omnipresent in contemporary surroundings. Spatialism (Italian: Spazialismo) is an art movement founded by Italian artist Lucio Fontana in Milan in 1947 in which he grandiosely intended to synthesize colour, sound, space, movement, and time into a new type of art. It repudiated the illusory or "virtual" space of traditional easel painting and sought to unite art and science to project colour and form into real space by the use of up-to-date techniques such as neon lighting and television. Born in Rosario, province of Santa Fe, Argentina to Italian immigrant parents, he was the son of the sculptor Luigi Fontana (1865 — 1946). At the start of 1968, Lucio Fontana left his studio in Corso Monforte, in Milan, and moved to Comabbio (near Varese). His stabbed and slashed canvases (beginning in 1949 and 1959 respectively) are also considered to embody Spatialism. MAGNET I Lucio Fontana (1899–1968) was an Italian sculptor, painter, and ceramicist, regarded as the father of Spatialism, a midcentury modern movement that linked artistic experimentation with scientific principles and theories. [24], Fontana's works can be found in the permanent collections of more than one hundred museums around the world. Fontana formulated the theory of Spatialism in a series of manifestos dating from the late 1940s to early 1950s, proposing that matter should be infiltrated by energy in order to generate dimensional, dynamic artistic forms. Sharon Hecker. Then he left his home in Milano and went to Comabbio (in the province of Varese, Italy), his family's mother town, where he died in 1968. According to the artists, "by substituting Fontana's slashes with computer connectors, Cyber-Spatialism implies an extension of the canvas into cyberspace, and thus attempts to address the notion, that in today's (globalized) culture, real space is increasingly being replaced by virtual space. Presentation With a selection of thirty works, on March 5, 1977 Galleria dello Scudo opens an exhibition dedicated to Lucio Fontana, founder of Spatialism, the avant-garde movement that contributed to the renewal of art not only in Italy in the second half of the 20th century. The movement (Movimento Spaziale – spacialist movement, or spacialism) was launched in 1947 after Lucio Fontana ’s return to Italy from Argentina … [14] In 1959 Fontana exhibited cut-off paintings with multiple combinable elements (he named the sets quanta), and began Nature, a series of sculptures made by cutting a gash across a sphere of terracotta clay, which he subsequently cast in bronze. Lucio Fontana was an Argentine-Italian painter, sculptor and theorist. Lucio Fontana Born Feb. 19, 1899 Santa Fe, Argentina Died Sep. 7, 1968 (at age 69) Varese, Italy Nationality Italian Education Brera Academy, Milan Movement Spatialism Field Painting, Sculpting Works Lucio Fontana was a famous Italian artist who was known for combining different mediums in order to create a new form of art.