The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. Under the leadership of Joseph Smith, Latter Day Saints established several communities throughout the United States between 1830 and 1844, most notably in Kirtland, Ohio; Independence, Missouri; and Nauvoo, Illinois. Ground was broken, irrigation ditches were dug, and the first fields of potatoes and turnips were planted. However, the actual trip across Iowa was slowed by rain, mud, swollen rivers, and poor preparation, and it required 16 weeks – nearly three times longer than planned. The earlier groups used covered wagons pulled by oxen to carry their supplies across the country. If you pass the airport, you're too far west. According to Woodruff, Young expressed his satisfaction in the appearance of the valley and declared, "This is the right place, drive on. The first segment began in Nauvoo and ended in Winter Quarters, near modern-day Omaha, Nebraska. A new route on the north side of the Platte and North Platte rivers was chosen to avoid potential conflicts over grazing rights, water access, and campsites with travelers using the established Oregon Trail on the river's south side. From 1846-1869, up until the completion of the transcontinental railroad, around 70,00 Mormons traveled across the Mormon Trail to Salt Lake Valley. Mormon trail map path of the mormon pioneer trail mormon trail map information the mormon trail or the mormon pioneer trail is the 1300 mile route that members of the church of jesus christ of latter day saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. It did not take long, however, until the United States caught up with them, and in 1848, after the end of the war with Mexico, the land in which they settled became part of the United States. In their new settlement, entertainment was also important, and the first public building was a theater. I would suggest that before hiking the park you go to the South Mountain Environmental Centre to pick up a trail map or look up the trail guide on-line. The Saints traveled the trail broken by the vanguard company, splitting the journey into two sections. Finally, with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869, future emigrants were able to travel by rail, and the era of the Mormon pioneer trail came to an end.[18]. It was apparent that the Latter-day Saints could not make it to the Great Basin that season and would have to winter on the Missouri River. His idea came to fruition in 2014 when he produced the Mormon Trail Map. An American Exodus. The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail traces the route that Brigham Young and his followers took when relocating the headquarters for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints’. To order maps and brochures, please contact us. Into the Wilderness, 1846 Routes through California, 1846–1848 Route to the Great Salt Lake, 1847 The Trail in the 1850s From Wagon Roads to Railroads [13], Each year during the Mormon migration, people continued to be organized into "companies", each company bearing the name of its leader and subdivided into groups of 10 and 50. The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. 87504. [7], Some of the emigrants established a settlement called Kanesville (present-day Council Bluffs) on the Iowa side of the river. They were generally six to seven feet (183 to 213 cm) long, wide enough to span a narrow wagon track, and could be alternately pushed or pulled. While at Fort Laramie, the vanguard company was joined by members of the Mormon Battalion, who had been excused due to illness and sent to winter in Pueblo, Colorado, and a group of Church members from Mississippi. He launched his website at pioneermaps.com and began offering maps for sale. From Mapcarta, the free map. However, the fourth and fifth companies, known as the Willie and Martin Companies, respectively, had serious problems. PO Box 728 Only a tiny fraction of pioneers settled along the Mormon Trail before reaching Salt Lake City, mostly in Iowa or the Omaha area. GIS Interactive Map. Some 400 youth are growing up within sight of one of the most well-known portions of the Mormon Pioneer Trail. Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake wall map: In Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1899, my grandfather John Franklin Nielsen (Grandpa Frank), bought a pictorial wall map entitled Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake.On the "About Me" page of this website you can see me holding that original print. Farming the uncultivated land was initially difficult, as the shares broke when they tried to plow the dry ground. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois, which was the principal settlement of the Latter Day Saints from 1839 to 1846, to Salt Lake City, Utah, which was settled by Brigham Young and his followers beginning in 1847. The photos (right) show scenes from a 1976 wagon trek reenacting the Saints’ trip on the Honeymoon Trail. The Quincy Convention of October 1845 passed resolutions demanding that the Latter-day Saints withdraw from Nauvoo by May 1846. [2], By 1849, many of the Latter-day Saints who remained in Iowa or Missouri were poor and unable to afford the costs of the wagon, teams of oxen, and supplies that would be required for the trip. [17], The handcart companies continued with more success until 1860, and traditional ox-and-wagon companies also continued for those who could afford the higher cost. Almost 3,000 Mormons, with 653 carts and 50 supply wagons, traveling in 10 different companies, made the trip over the trail to Salt Lake City. Others moved across the river into the area of present-day Omaha, Nebraska, and built a camp called Winter Quarters. 1947 Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. By 1852, most of the Latter-day Saints from Nauvoo who wished to emigrate had done so, and the church abandoned its settlements in Iowa. The initial party reached the Missouri River on June 14. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856–60. Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-is-the-mormon-trail.html Young organized a rescue effort that brought the companies in, but more than 210 of the 980 emigrants in the two parties died. The Mormons, due to persecution and suffering, left Nauvoo in 1847. Today, the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. The departure from Nauvoo began on February 4, 1846, under the leadership of Brigham Young. See more ideas about mormon trail, mormon, trail. However, the Saints were driven out of each of them in turn, due to conflicts with other settlers (see History of the Latter Day Saint movement). As the vanguard company traveled through the rugged mountains, they divided into three sections. The company consisted of 143 men, including three black people and eight members of the Quorum of the Twelve, three women, and two children. Therefore, an irrigation system was designed and the land was flooded before plowing, and the resulting system provided supplemental moisture during the year. They generally traveled on the north side of the Platte River in order to avoid conflicts with their former Missourian enemies. Some Mormon Trail pioneers also settled in Idaho, Arizona, Nevada, or California. Two of the handcart companies, led by James G. Willie and Edward Martin, met disaster on the trail when they departed late and were caught by heavy snowstorms in Wyoming. The small boxes affixed to the carts were three to four feet (91 to 122 cm) long and eight inches (20 cm) high. Here’s a map of the Mormon Trail, now preserved by the National Park Service as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. The Mormon Trail State Historical Marker is a park in Iowa and has an elevation of 1093 feet. At this point, the now larger company took the established Oregon Trail toward the trading post at Fort Bridger. Map of the Mormon Trail "issued by American Pioneer Trails Association as Part of the 1947 Commemoration Honoring Pioneers Who Through Irrigation and Courageous Colonization Made Conquest of our Arid West." You'll find museums, interpretive centers, and historic sites that provide information and interpretation. Mormon Trail Map Information The Mormon Trail or the Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. Sep 19, 2013 - Explore Maureen Brady's board "Mormon Trail" on Pinterest. [5] To try to meet this deadline and to get an early start on the trek to the Great Basin, the Latter-day Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846.[6]. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable.Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. From St. George, Utah the trail passed through the extreme northwestern tip of Arizona and then on to Las Vegas, Nevada. National Trails Furthermore, few people carried adequate provisions for the trip. After 1860, the church began sending wagon companies east each spring, to return to Utah in the summer with the emigrating Latter-day Saints. Young also organized a vanguard company to break trail to the Rocky Mountains, evaluate trail conditions, find sources of water, and select a central gathering point in the Great Basin. Choose the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail and then zoom in to find the details you need for trip planning. The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo. We did the Mormon Trail, then onto the National Trail which leads to the Hidden Valley Trail. A modern map of the Mormon Trail is compared to a commemorative map from 1899 called "Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake." A militia and night guard were formed. He believed they could cross Iowa and reach the Missouri River in approximately four to six weeks. Young originally planned to lead an express company of about 300 men to the Great Basin during the summer of 1846. Contents. The company pushed on through South Pass, rafted across the Green River, and arrived at Fort Bridger on July 7. Young reviewed information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin, consulted with mountain men and trappers, and met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the region. [2], As the senior apostle of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after Joseph Smith's death, Brigham Young assumed responsibility of the leadership of the church. This included the actions of Missouri Governor Lilburn Boggs, who issued Missouri Executive Order 44, which called for the "extermination" of all Mormons in Missouri. After crossing the Mississippi River, the journey across Iowa Territory followed primitive territorial roads and Native American trails. It’s hard to even imagine making the trek for thousands of miles, but you can get a taste of it, pushing a cart for a small section on the trail. Mormon Trail Map. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. By December 1847, more than 2,000 Mormons had completed the journey to the Salt Lake Valley, then in Mexican territory.[2][12]. The West Turnoff is right on top of mile marker 59. They could carry about 500 pounds (227 kg), most of this weight consisting of trail provisions and a few personal possessions. The map shows the route that couples, along with their chaperones, followed on their journey from Arizona settlements to St. George to be sealed in the temple. Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the U.S. National Trails System, called the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail… [14], In 1856, the church inaugurated a system of handcart companies in order to enable poor European emigrants to make the trek more cheaply. [2][9], Now facing a more rugged and hazardous trek, Young chose to follow the trail used by the Donner–Reed party on their journey to California the previous year. They met severe winter weather west of present-day Casper, Wyoming, and continued to cope with deep snow and storms for the remainder of the journey. You must travel west as you take the role of a Mormon pioneer in the 1800's. The companies left Iowa City, Iowa, in July 1856, very late to begin the trip across the plains. Later, the emigrants increasingly included converts from the British Isles and Europe. While not the first to use handcarts, they were the only group to use them extensively. Settlers along the trail. About the same time, they were joined by 12 more members of the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion. My maps of the Mormon Trail were 36 years in the making and commemorate the amazing story of one of the great chapters of American history. Mormon Trails. The Mormon trail was almost 1,300 miles long and crossed great plains, rugged lands, and the Rocky Mountains. [15], The handcarts were modeled after carts used by street sweepers and were made almost entirely of wood. The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. He would later be sustained as President of the Church and prophet. [2][10], Young met mountain man Jim Bridger on June 28. Handcarts, two-wheeled carts that were pulled by emigrants instead of draft animals, were sometimes used as an alternate means of transportation from 1856 to 1860. Salt Lake City was laid out and designated as Church headquarters. During the first few years, the emigrants were mostly former occupants of Nauvoo who were following Young to Utah. Along their way, some were assigned to establish settlements and to plant and harvest crops for later emigrants. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. Students can learn about all of the important points on the trail simply by clicking on thos . Below is a photo of a wagon used for such reenactments, which are held annually. The Mormon Trail covers about 1,300 miles starting in Illinois. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mormon Trail Center at Historic Winter Quarters, National Historic Trails Interpretive Center, "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sugar Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Richardson's Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chariton River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Locust Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Nishnabotna River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Grand Encampment", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Council Bluffs", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Platte River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Loup Fork", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Kearny", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Confluence Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Ash Hollow", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chimney Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Scotts Bluff", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Laramie", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Upper Platte (Mormon) Ferry", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sweetwater River", "Ninth Crossing of the Sweetwater (Burnt Ranch)", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Independence Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Devil's Gate", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Martin's Cove", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Green River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Bridger", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Bear River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / The Needles", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Echo Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Big Mountain", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Golden Pass Road", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Emigration Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Salt Lake Valley", "Gathering the Dispersed Nauvoo Saints, 1847–52", "Following the Wagon Wheels of the Latter-Day Saints", National Park Service site on the Mormon trail, Photos and history of the trail in Wyoming, National Mormon National Trail itinerary in Iowa, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Water Trail, Mississippi River Water Trail (MRWT) Great River Water Trail, Missouri National Recreational River Water Trail, Historic sites of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mormon_Trail&oldid=995067819, National Historic Trails of the United States, Units of the National Landscape Conservation System, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:31. In Wyoming it travels the same route as the Oregon and California trails. [9], The journey from Winter Quarters to Fort Laramie took six weeks; the company arrived at the fort on June 1. This early departure exposed them to the elements in the worst of winter. Route of the mormon pioneers from nauvoo to great salt lake wall map. Latter-day Saints were finally forced to abandon Nauvoo in 1846. The trail is easy until you reach the fork in the road at the old truck about four miles in. Are you looking for the ultimate Westward Expansion, Oregon Trail, Mormon Trail, Gold Rush, Pioneer, Lewis and Clark and Maps Clipart pack This incredibly realistic clipart set is filled with 72 high-quality hand-drawn PNG graphics and includes the following items in color and in blackline. Saved by Legends Of America. Today, the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. By July 24, 1847, the Mormon people had found a new home in Salt Lake Valley. We've all traveled the Oregon Trail, but have YOU ever traversed the Mormon Trail? Interactive Map: Mormon Pioneer Trail, Nauvoo to Winter Quarters. Heavy rains turned the rolling plains of southern Iowa into a quagmire of axle-deep mud. Therefore, the LDS Church established a revolving fund, known as the Perpetual Emigration Fund, to enable the poor to emigrate. Young and several other members of the party suffered from a fever, generally accepted as a "mountain fever" induced by wood ticks. The train contained 73 wagons, draft animals, and livestock, and carried enough supplies to provision the group for one year. The Hidden Valley trail is a short trail and a must do with its natural tunnel and Fat Man's Pass. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to … The Mormon Trail. During the winter of 1846–47, the emigrants wintered in Iowa, other nearby states, and the unorganized territory that later became Nebraska, with the largest group residing in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. [16], All but two of the handcart companies successfully completed the rugged journey, with relatively few problems and only a few deaths. On July 24, Young first saw the valley from a "sick" wagon driven by his friend Wilford Woodruff. [2], Scouts Erastus Snow and Orson Pratt entered the Salt Lake Valley on July 21. It highlights different sites that can be visited along the trail. Technically there were three trails, more generally referred to as the "Emigrant Trail": - Oregon Trail (to Oregon's Willamette Valley) - California Trail and Mormon Trail (to Salt Lake City, Utah,) In Nebraska Territory, around Sweetwater Crossing, the three trails share the same route. A few days later, the Carthage Convention called for establishment of a militia that would force them out if they failed to meet the May deadline. Local histories and biographies from those places may also include some pioneers to travelled the Mormon Trail. On April 5, the wagon train moved west from Winter Quarters toward the Great Basin. The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern-day US states. This activity provides an interactive map of the Mormon Trail. Since May 2011 the Casper stake has grown from 4,500-plus to almost 5,100. Mormon History Mormon Pioneers Church History Family History Pioneer Day Activities Mormon Trail Trek Ideas Pioneer Trek Doctrine And Covenants. [3], Young now had to lead the Saints into the far west, without knowing exactly where to go or where they would end up. The small sick detachment lagged behind the larger group, and a scouting division was created to move farther ahead on the designated route. https://www.alltrails.com/trail/us/utah/mormon-pioneer-trail Santa Fe, NM In the spring of 1847, Young led the vanguard company to the Salt Lake Valley, which was then outside the boundaries of the United States and later became Utah. Mormon Trail map. The term "Oregon Trail" was a matter of convenience. The National Park Service Geographic Resources Program hosts an interactive trails map viewer. They were seen as a faster, easier, and cheaper way to bring European converts to Salt Lake City. https://www.alltrails.com/trail/us/arizona/mormon-loop-to-national-trail-loop They became part of our lives. The exact route of the Mormon Trail to Southern Califo… The pioneers mostly traveled the Mormon trail by foot as they pushed handcarts or drove wagons pulled by a team of oxen to carry their meager possessions. They discussed routes into the Salt Lake Valley and the feasibility of viable settlements in the mountain valleys of the Great Basin. 9. We all know the story of the Oregon trail, with their constantly broken wagons, easily caught diseases, and action-movie amounts of bullets. Sometimes it was extended south to San Diego. Food supplies were soon exhausted. Check out this fun interactive map! Hard work produced a prosperous community. The Mormon Trail to southern California usually followed the west side of the Wasatch Front linking several settlements from Salt Lake City to St. George in Utah. From Council Bluffs, Iowa to Fort Bridger in Wyoming, the trail follows much the same route as the Oregon Trail and the California Trail; these trails are collectively known as the Emigrant Trail. On July 23, Pratt offered a prayer dedicating the land to the Lord. The weather, general unpreparedness, and lack of experience in moving such a large group of people all contributed to the difficulties they endured. Nearly 40 years ago, Frank had the idea to produce a beautiful color map of the Mormon Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois to present-day Salt Lake City, Utah. [8], In April 1847, chosen members of the vanguard company gathered, final supplies were packed, and the group was organized into 14 military companies. Mormon Trail Get onto the trail from U-276 about 15 miles southeast of Halls Crossing. Login to . Some later companies used handcarts and traveled by foot. "[2][11], In August 1847, Young and selected members of the vanguard company returned to Winter Quarters to organize the companies scheduled for following years. Mormon Trail Map The first groups of Mormons were the ones that cut the many trails across the plains, while the Mormons of the late 1860s seemed content to use the regular trails. “In a way, we almost became adopted by that group of pioneers, or we adopted them. However, many church members from the eastern states and from Europe continued to emigrate to Utah, often assisted by the Perpetual Emigration Fund. Choose the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail and then zoom in to find the details you need for trip planning. Under Young's leadership, about 14,000 Mormon citizens of Nauvoo set out to find a new home in the West. The Mormon Trail generally followed the north side of the Platte River approximately 425 miles to Fort Laramie, where the pioneers crossed the river and joined the Oregon Trail. The second half of the journey took the Saints through the area that later became Nebraska and Wyoming, before finishing their journey in the Salt Lake Valley in present-day Utah. A group of over 15,000 Mormons traveled west from Nauvoo, Illinois in hopes of ending up at the Great Basin beyond the Rocky Mountains. We approached from U-95. [1], Although the movement had split into several denominations after Smith's death in 1844, most members aligned themselves with Brigham Young and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The National Park Service Geographic Resources Program hosts an interactive trails map viewer. The map traces the pioneer route from Nauvoo, IL to Salt Lake City, UT, mostly following the Oregon Trail. Mostly, this part of the trek followed the Oregon Trail, before deviating at Fort Bridger and heading south into Utah. From Las Vegas the road usually crossed the mountains down into San Bernardino, California and then west to Los Angeles. Pioneer Pathways to Zion, 1846–1890. He insisted the Mormons should settle in a place no one else wanted and felt the isolated Great Basin would provide the Saints with many advantages.[4]. 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History Family History Pioneer Day Activities Mormon Trail mostly following the Mormon Pioneer Historic. The company pushed on through South Pass, rafted across the Mormon Trail company traveled through the mountains... Reenacting the Saints ’ trip on the designated route Great Basin and Great... From U-276 about 15 miles southeast of the mormon trail map Crossing leaving, they were seen as a faster easier. To almost 5,100 of Halls Crossing can be visited along the Trail from U-276 about 15 miles southeast of Crossing! Valley from a 1976 wagon Trek reenacting the Saints ’ trip on the Trail supplies the... Fraction of pioneers, or we adopted them road at the old truck about miles! Of Winter mostly following the Oregon Trail '' was a matter of convenience could carry 500.