A Paid Relevant Person’s Representative (PRPR) is an example of a statutory advocate. If you do not comply with policies, you may leave yourself open to disciplinary action or even litigation (as many policies are written to ensure that workers comply with the law). Empowerment and active participation can be achieved by getting to know the people that you work with and understanding their likes, dislikes, hopes, dreams, needs and capabilities. Person-centred approach • Recognising individuality . The National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 gave individuals with learning disabilities more control over where they lived by introducing Direct Payments. It was only when people began to move out of institutions and into communities that the chance to learn vocational skills and find employment became possible. The NHS provides a good definition of advocacy: If you find it difficult to understand your care and support or find it hard speak up, there are people who can act as a spokesperson for you. By regularly and proactively seeking verification and clarification during conversations, you can minimise misunderstandings (which is easier than mitigating misunderstandings in the future!). al., 2010, p. 169–170). They are free to take risks and make their own life choices. The audio book should have been released at the same time as the print book so that it can be enjoined by both people that can and can’t read at the same time. In 1948, the NHS took responsibility for the institutions and they were changed to ‘hospitals’ however the practices and services remained pretty much the same although Mental Health Officers were appointed to work with individuals outside of hospitals. Discrimination Act, Equality Act, Human Rights Act, Health and Social Care Act (Regulated activities) and the Essential Standards, Codes of Practice for Social Care Workers. Healthcare for people with learning disabilities was provided by the doctors and nurses of the institutions that they were forced to live in during the 19th and early to mid 20th centuries. The early asylums had very few opportunities for individuals with learning disabilities to obtain gainful employment. The NHS defines a learning disability as: A learning disability affects the way a person understands information and how they communicate. And there may be an associated financial burden to ensure that the individual receives the care that they need. Rights: Individuals you care for and support should continue to have the same rights as when they were living independently. Explain the consequences of social exclusion for: >Individuals – >Communities – 4. Assignment Help >> Other Subject Support Individuals to be Part of a CommunityLearning outcomes1 Understand how communities can support social Finally, education has a large part to play in promoting positive attitudes as it pushes people to think about and try to understand things from another’s point of view. The Social Care Institute for Excellence also contributes by co-producing, sharing and supporting best knowledge and evidence of working practice. In the 21st Century, more and more people moved into supported living environments where they either owned or privately rented their homes and had support workers come in to provide their care. A learning disability is a broad term that encompasses many different conditions such as Down’s Syndrome and Fragile X Syndrome and can be classed as mild, moderate or severe. Ability-appropriate language means adapting your words and sentences in accordance with an individual’s communication skills. Skills for Care and Skills for Health are charities that promote best practice and workforce and workforce development in health and social care. This was also the view of the majority of families of individuals with learning disabilities and the professionals that supported them. This can create a lot of stress in the family unit. Understand the importance of a positive, person-centred approach to risk assessment 3. This is where an individual with similar disabilities or experiences advocates for a person. unwelcome in a place. Social inclusion Social inclusion could be seen as an ideal that modern society aspires to, however it has been considered as a difficult concept to define, which may be due in part to the multifaceted nature of the reasons why individuals are excluded from society (Wilcock 2006). However, despite the good work, this had the negative side effect of maintaining segregation within society and creating mini-communities consisting of only individuals with learning disabilities and their care staff. 1959 saw the introduction of the Mental Health Act, which made living in a ‘hospital’ voluntary unless individuals were classed a danger to others and that community care should be espoused. For individuals that have difficulty communicating verbally, you could use communication aids such as flashcards with pictures of meals on them. There are a number of pieces of legislation and policies that have been designed for people with learning disabilities to promote: Firstly, the Equality Act 2010 protects individuals from discrimination, harassment and victimisation in society and supersedes previous anti-discrimination such as the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and Race Relations Act 1976. It is their responsibility to set the laws that are the foundation of society. It is about enabling people or communities to fully participate in society. Six ways to support diversity and inclusion in the workplace 1. So, by promoting empowerment and active participation as part of your work, you can support individuals with learning disabilities to maximise their opportunities and achieve their true potential. The … It usually results from positive action taken to change the circumstances and habits that lead, or have led, to social exclusion. Unstructured observations took place within a variety of community settings: supermarkets, pub, a park. The media with its wide-reaching audience also has a part to play in promoting positive attitudes towards people with learning disabilities. developing positive relationships with families – which can help you understand each other and work together and can help families build a sense of belonging and inclusion. A lack of relevant reliable studies and research makes it difficult to approximate the proportion of individuals with a learning disability with an unknown cause, however the 2011 edition of Psychiatry by Lesley Stevens and Ian Rodin states: The cause of mild learning disability is unknown in about half of cases.