It would go down in history as the second worst earthquake for Japan in the 20th century. Damage was widespread and severe. … Structures irreparably damaged by the quake included nearly 400,000 buildings,[3][13] numerous elevated road and rail bridges, and 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe. Southern Hyōgo Prefecture was severely devastated by the 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake of 1995, which destroyed major parts of Kobe and Awaji, as well as Takarazuka and neighboring Osaka Prefecture, killing nearly 6,500 people. Some people had to be operated on in waiting rooms and corridors. [12], Tremors were valued at seismic intensity of Levels 4 to 6 at observation points in Kansai, Chūgoku, Shikoku and Chūbu regions:[12]. Most of the largest earthquakes in Japan are caused by subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate or Pacific Plate, with mechanisms that involve either energy released within the subducting plate or the accumulation and sudden release of stress in the overlying plate. The expressway of Hanshin, opened in 1962, was build according to the earthquake-resistant directives of the time; however it collapsed in 1995 for a length of 5 kilometres. facts Used in discussing the significance of… While the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake diminished much of Kobe's prominence as a port city, it remains Japan's fourth-busiest container port. One in five of the buildings in the worst-hit areas were completely destroyed or rendered uninhabitable. During this time the south side of the Nojima Fault moved 1.5 meters to the right and 1.2 meters downwards. I also experienced this big earthquake at my home in Osaka. During the 20 seconds that it lasted, the ground had moved up to 50 centimetres horizontally and 1 metre Even at lower magnitudes, they can be very destructive because they often occur near populated areas and because their hypocenters are located less than 20 km below the surface. The damage to highways and subways was the most graphic image of the earthquake, and images of the collapsed elevated Kobe Route of the Hanshin Expressway appeared on front pages of newspapers worldwide. [citation needed], Despite this devastation in a big production center, the local economy recovered very quickly. The Great Hanshin earthquake hit the the western region of Japan, being the two cities Osaka and Kobe. ... 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, Japan. Great Hanshin earthquake This article needs additional citations for verification.Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.Unsourced material may be challengedchallenged [5] Among major cities, Kobe, with its population of 1.5 million, was the closest to the epicenter and hit by the strongest tremors. Ten spans of the Kobe Route elevated expressway were knocked over in three locations across Kobe and Nishinomiya, blocking a link that carried 40% of Osaka-Kobe road traffic. Cite This For Me. It lasted for 20 seconds. Even the Yamaguchi-gumi yakuza syndicate was involved in distributing food and supplies to needy victims.[22]. … This was Japan's worst earthquake in the 20th century after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, which claimed more than 105,000 lives. A comprehensive earthquake list. Tada, T., Crustal deformation associated with the 1995 Kobe earthquake and a geodetic source fault model, Proc. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Daikai Station on the Kobe Rapid Railway line collapsed, bringing down part of National Route 28 above it. The national government changed its disaster response policies in the wake of the earthquake, and its response to the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake was significantly faster and more effective. Blog. To help speed the recovery effort, the government closed most of the Hanshin Expressway network to private vehicles from 6:00 am to 8:00 pm daily and limited traffic to buses, taxis and other designated vehicles. Great Hanshin Earthquake. It registered a … The Great Kanto Earthquake, also sometimes called the Great Tokyo Earthquake, rocked Japan on Sept. 1, 1923. While the intensity of earthquakes is measured by the Richter scale in all over the world, Japan uses its own shindo scale. Despite these efforts, the deadly 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake and the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake struck completely by surprise, Geller says. The year 1995 is often regarded as a turning point in the emergence of volunteerism as a major form of civic engagement. It measured 6.8 on the Moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. Japan installed rubber blocks under bridges to absorb the shock and rebuilt buildings further apart to prevent collateral damage. It was the first time that an earthquake in Japan was officially measured at a seismic intensity (shindo in Japanese) of the highest Level 7 on the scale of Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).